Today, the Federal Open Market Committee raised the “Fed Funds” rate, by 0.25%, to a range of 0.50%-to-0.75%. The Fed does not actually set the rates, per se; rather the Fund’s rate is merely a target range in which our central bank suggests financial institutions lend money to one another—generally on an overnight, or very short-term basis. In this manner, it more or less, nudges rates, which are sometimes reflected throughout the maturity range (three months to 30 years), but sometimes not.
Besides the Federal Reserve Board, which is an arm of the Federal Government in Washington, there are also twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks. Each of them are privately owned, have their own Boards of Directors, and regulates the banks in their respective Districts. As you will see in the linked “Rube Goldberg” article, from the New York Times, the Federal Reserve Bank (FRB) of New York actually implements the monetary policies that the FOMC makes. The light-hearted link is as follows:
The Times article was initially published after the FOMC meeting last December, which was the last time that the Fed raised the Funds Rate. Today’s rate hike was widely expected, since Chairwoman Janet Yellen had recently mentioned its likelihood, at today’s meeting. The reason that the stock Market immediately plummeted, however, was the inclusion in Mrs. Yellen’s usual after-meeting statement, which suggested that the Fed would probably raise rates three times in 2017. But, pending changes in various economic metrics, those increases may or may not actuality happen.
Generally, a rate increase signals the Fed’s belief that the economy is improving, while a decrease suggests weakness. The financial markets, however, tend to be quite fickle. After 39 years of following the bond market quite closely, I look at the Funds Rate, and recall it being mostly in the four-to-five percent range. During the early ‘80s, the Fed Funds rate reached a historical high of 20%, as noted in the linked The Balance article: https://www.thebalance.com/fed-funds-rate-history-highs-lows-3306135. So, even if the rate did increase three times, assumedly to a range of 1.25% to 1.50%, that wouldn’t be overwhelming; but, let’s see what happens.
As I’ve suggested many times in this blog: financial markets have trouble dealing with Uncertainty; and everything should be taken into context. One other reminder would be: Don’t try to get ahead—anticipate without reason—of the market!